Fire Impacts on the Plant Individual Level and Future Directions of Fire Ecology in the Amazon Rainforest

Autores

  • Marcus Vinicius Athaydes Liesenfeld Universidade Federa do Acre

Palavras-chave:

Arecaceae, natural regeneration, surface-fires, cambial-death, forest fires, hydraulic-death

Resumo

Nos dias atuais, a floresta amazônica não garante mais proteções naturais contra o fogo. Embora o fogo sempre tenha atuado na estruturação da vegetação, apesar de independente da existência humana, atualmente os regimes de fogo estão mudando em todo o mundo, como na Amazônia, motivados pelas mudanças climáticas globais e pelas anomalias climáticas. Os incêndios florestais impactam a vegetação de maneira diferente, dependendo do ecossistema, tipo de solo e características das plantas. Muitas espécies podem responder positivamente, com mecanismos de sobrevivência. Aqui serão apresentados exemplos de dados sobre espécies de palmeiras (Arecaceae) em nível individual, considerando que o fogo pode atuar positiva e negativamente sobre as espécies da família. Ao incluir perguntas e apresentar lacunas de conhecimento, pretendemos sugerir novas pesquisas. É necessário um melhor entendimento de como as plantas da Amazônia respondem ao impacto do fogo, para reconhecer se a Amazônia ainda está imune a incêndios florestais úmidos e como isso contribui para a resiliência das espécies em ambientes alterados.

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2020-06-10

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Athaydes Liesenfeld, M. V. (2020). Fire Impacts on the Plant Individual Level and Future Directions of Fire Ecology in the Amazon Rainforest. South American Journal of Basic Education, Technical and Technological , 7(1), 618-647. Recuperado de https://periodicos.ufac.br/index.php/SAJEBTT/article/view/3187

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