TROUBLE IN THE ‘PSYCHOSPHERE’: HBO’S TRUE DETECTIVE (2014) AS A HYBRID GENRE

  • Elisabete Lopes Instituto Politécnico de Setúbal

Resumo

Recentemente, tem-se assistido a uma crescente qualidade a nível das séries televisivas. Ao assumirem novos desafios, muitas delas tornaram-se séries de culto. True Detective (2014) figura neste grupo privilegiado. Nic Pizzolatto, a mente crativa por detrás de True Detective (2014), decidiu abraçar novos caminhos e acabou por criar uma série híbrida, no sentido em que conjuga elementos que vão desde o género Gótico, à investigação criminal, e se estendem até ao film noir e à Weird fiction. Outra característica que contribui para a popularidade de True Detective (2014), reside nos laços que tece com a literatura, uma vez que são evidentes as influências literárias a que alude. À luz deste cenário, pretende-se examinar de que forma é que a receita eclética proposta por Pizzolatto combina os seus diferentes ingredientes com o intuito de criar uma série que aposta nos parâmetros da qualidade e da originalidade. Com efeito, a inegável qualidade que se desprende de True Detective (2014) vai para além do consistente guião redigido por Pizzolatto; da brilhante atuação dos protagonistas; a hipnótica fotografia de Adam Arkapaw, à minuciosa realização a cargo de Cary Fukunaga. A série tornou-se num verdadeiro monstro visual que saiu inesperadamente dos pântanos da Louisiana, trazendo consigo uma aura de horror cósmico que, uma vez associado ao suspense e à investigação criminal, acaba por deixar o telespetador hipnotizado, em frente ao écran.

Biografia do Autor

Elisabete Lopes, Instituto Politécnico de Setúbal

Professora Adjunta

Instituto Politécnico de Setúbal 

Escola Superior de Tecnologia de Setúbal 

SACEC- Secção Autónoma de Ciências Empresariais e Comunicação

Campus do IPS, Estefanilha

Referências

ARNTFIELD, Michael. Gothic Forensics: Criminal Investigative Procedure in Victorian Horror and Mystery. New York: Palgrave MacMillan, 2016.
BIERCE, Ambrose. Tales of Soldiers and Civilians. Ed. BLUME, Donald T. Kent and London: Kent University Press, 2004.
BRAUDY, Leo. Haunted: On Ghosts, Witches, Vampires, Zombies and Other Monsters of the Natural and Supernatural Worlds, New Haven and London: Yale University Press, 2016.
BRENNAN, Matt. A Southerner's Defense of Bayou Gothic 'True Detective'. Feb.
2014. Retrieved from https://www.indiewire.com/2014/02/a-southerners-defense-of-bayou-gothic-true-detective-193414/. Accessed 18/11/2019.
CLOUGH, Edward. The Darkness has a lot more Territory: True Detective and Southern Desolation, 2017. Retrieved from https://www.academia.edu/35123424/_The_darkness_has_a_lot_more_territory_True_Detective_and_Southern_Desolation. Accessed 19/11/2019.
CONKLING, Micah. The Literary True Detective. The Deep South Magazine. February 5, 2014. Retrieved from https://deepsouthmag.com/2014/02/25/the-literary-true-detective/. Accessed 19/11/2019.
CONRAD, Mark T.; PORFIRIO, Robert (Eds.). The Philosophy of Film Noir. Lexington: University Press of Kentucky, 2006.
DICKOS, Andrew. Street with no Name: A History of the Classic American Film Noir. Lexington, Kentucky: The University Press of Kentucky, 2002.
DILLMAN, Joanne Clark. Women and Death in Film, Television and News: Dead but not Gone. New York: Palgrave McMillan, 2014.
GODDU, Teresa. Gothic America: Narrative, History, and Nation. New York: Columbia University Press, 1997.
FRANKS, Rachel. A Fear of the Dark: Landscape as Gothic Monster in HBO’s True Detective (2014). In CAIVANO, Dean (Ed.). No Escape: Excavating the Multidimensional Phenomenon of Fear. Oxford: Interdisciplinary Press, 2016, pp.19-30.
GOHO, James. Journeys into Darkness: Critical Essays on Gothic Horror. Rowman & Littlefield, Laham, Boulder, New York, 2014.
GROßE, Isabell. Names so Deep and Names so True. Identity Crisis and Greek Tragedy in True Detective. In STODDART, Scott F.; SAMUEL, Micahel (Eds.), True Detective: Critical Essays on the HBO Series. Lanham, Boulder, New York and London: Lexinton Books, 2018, pp. 139-166.
HILL, Mark. Seeking a Womanless Paradise: The Inflexibility of Southern Heroes in True Detective. In PETERS, Fiona; STEWART, Rebecca (Eds.), Antihero, Bristol: Intellect, 2016, pp.196-205.
HIRSCH, Foster. The Dark Side of the Screen: Film Noir. New York: Da Capo Press, 1981.
HUTCHINGS, Peter. Historical Dictionary of Horror Cinema. Lanham: Rowman & Littlefield, 2018.
LOVECRAFT, H. P. Supernatural horror in literature. New York: Dover Publications, Inc., 1973.
MARÉ, Cedric de. True Detetctive: A Hybridised Detective Narrative. Characterisation through the Concept of the Cinematic Narrator. Master’s Degree of Arts in Linguistics. Ghent University. Nederlands-Engels, 2016.
MEEHAN, Paul. Horror Noir: Where Cinema’s Dark Sisters Meet. Jefferson: Mc Farland & Company, Inc., 2011.
MORTON, Timothy. Dark Ecologies: For a Logico f Future Coexistence New York: Columbia University Press, 2016.
NAREMORE, James. More than Night: Film Noir in its Contexts. Berkeley, Los Angeles: University of California Press, 1998.
ORTOLANO, Scott (ed.). Popular Modernism and its Legacies: From Pop Literature to Video Games. New York and London: Bloomsbury, 2018.
OSTEEN, Mark. Nightmare Alley: Film Noir and the American Dream. Baltimore: John Hopkins University Press, 2013.
PALMER, Barton R. Hollywood Dark Cinema: The American Film Noir. New York: Twayne Publishers, 1994.
PARK, William. What is Film Noir. Lewisburg: Bucknell University Press, 2011.
PORFIRIO, Robert. No Way Out: Existential Motifs in the Film Noir. In PALMER, Barton R. (Ed.). Perspectives on Film Noir. New York: G.K.Hall,1996, pp.115-128.
RICH, Nathaniel. San Francisco Noir. New York: Little Bookroom, 2005.
SCAGGS, John. Crime Fiction. London, New York: Routledge, 2005.
SEPINWALL, Alan. True Detective’ creator Nic Pizzolatto talks season 1. March 9 2014. Retrieved from https://uproxx.com/sepinwall/true-detective-creator-nic-pizzolatto-looks-back-on-season-1/ . Accessed 19/11/2019.
SHARMA, Divya. True Detective as a Southern Gothic: A Study of Its Music-Lyrics. International Scholarly and Scientific Research & Innovation, 9(2) 2015, pp. 600-606.
SCHRADER, Paul. Notes on Film Noir. Film Comment, Vol. 8, No. 1, 1972, pp. 8-13.
SPICER, Andrew. Film Noir. London and New York: Routledge, 2002.
ST. LAURENT, Marian. America as an Afterimage in True Detective. Sensitiveskinmagazine.com. 2014. Retrieved from https://sensitiveskinmagazine.com/america-as-afterimage-in-true-detective/. Accessed 18 Nov.2019.
STAPELTON, Erin K. The Corpse is the Territory: The Body of Dora Kelly Lange in True Detective. In CONNOLE, Edia; Paul J. ENNIS; MASCIANDARO, Nicola (Eds.), True Detection. Lexington: Schism Press, 2014, pp.164-178.
STODDART, Scott F.; SAMUEL Michael, (Eds.). True Detective: Critical Essays on the HBO Series. Lanham, Boulder, New York and London: Lexinton Books, 2018.
STREET, Susan Castillo; CROW, Charles L. (Eds.). The Palgrave Handbook of the Southern Gothic. London: Palgrave MacMillan, 2016.
TASKER, Yvonne. Spectacular Bodies: Gender, Genre and the Action Cinema. London, New York: Routledge, 1993.
TUSKA, Jon. The Detective in Hollywood. New York: Doubleday, 1978.
WOLLIN, Matthew. HBO's 'True Detective' and the Gentle Apocalypse of the Louisiana Landscape. Popmatters.com.12 Jan. 2014. Retrieved from https://www.popmatters.com/178154-true-detective-mcconaughey-and-harrelson-pursue-a-murderer-2495695647.html. Accessed 24.11.2019.

Filmography
TRUE Detective. Created by Nic Pizzolatto. Production: HBO, 2014.
Publicado
2020-04-21
Como Citar
Lopes, E. (2020). TROUBLE IN THE ‘PSYCHOSPHERE’: HBO’S TRUE DETECTIVE (2014) AS A HYBRID GENRE. TROPOS: COMUNICAÇÃO, SOCIEDADE E CULTURA (ISSN: 2358-212X), 9(1). Recuperado de https://periodicos.ufac.br/index.php/tropos/article/view/3217
Seção
Dossiê - A nova Era Dourada da Televisão: as séries contemporâneas