A potential zoonotic and ecological threat: Is the reintroduction of primate pets a secure measure?

Luciana dos Santos Medeiros, Yuri Karaccas de Carvalho, Giovana Barbosa Morais, Vânia Maria França Ribeiro, David A. Ashford, Soraia Figueiredo de Souza

Resumo


Primates may be infected by pathogens of human origin, and this may be a concern for releasing such pets back into the wild where they will join troops of wild primates. To determine this risk and the range and burden of endo and ectoparasitic infections among primate pets in Acre, Brazil, we collected appropriate biological samples from all primates conducted to the Screening Center of Wild Animals (CETAS) in the state of Acre, Brazil, during 2011 and 2012.  Among all 14 animals which were confiscated for release into the wild, we found 2 (14.3%) to be infected with Strongyloides sp. and fleas (Ctenocephalides felis) in two (other) of the primates evaluated. Strongyloides sp. are zoonotic parasites. We suggest that the finding of these zoonotic endoparasites indicates a need for routine fecal examination and; or worming of pet primates for the safety for animal handlers and people involved in the reintroduction of primates.

Palavras-chave


endoparasites, ectoparasites, epidemiology, captive primates, Amazon

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Referências


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